İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 6, Sayı 32  Bahar III 2017  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)

NO Makale Adı

Traditional Turkish music education came to modern days with preserving its existence with the system named as “Meshk”. Training in Meshk system, within the master-apprenticeship context whether theoretical or practical, manner and mimicry along with tone studies are developed together with this education. Meshk, in which the teacher is performing an whole or a part of a work singing gently, in short it is a training system that makes its way to the memory with frequent repetitions. This also applies to verbal works, Saz (a Turkish stringed instrument) works, and Saz players.Instrument training is an important part of general music education and the use of instruments in music education plays a very important role. Turkish music, which is mainly composed of verbal works, the instrument-based method studies are unfortunately not at the expected level. One reason for this may be that the writing of musical notes in the past periods was not sufficiently used, another reason might be that Meshk training concept, which is applied by the teacher and student practically, there is no need for instrumental methods. As a result of this situation, there was no practical method for instruments written until the end of the XIX century in Turkish music. This paper analyses which techniques and Oud methods are used in Oud classes in Higher Education Institutes which teach Turkish music. The research first focuses on the concept of Meshk system in Turkish music education, after giving a general and historical information about the music instrument Oud, a comparative research was carried out on the Oud methods used nowadays. In the comparison made, the general features of the use of Oud such as grip, pressure, positions on the Oud instrument, technical informations such as etudes and various ornaments, as well as the processing of Turkish music theories such as the mode (maqam) and methods described are also discussed. Thus, in the light of the similarities and some differences in existing methods have been analysed method approaches specific to Oud.

Keywords:Oud in Turkish Music, Oud and method, Oud training,Meshk training and Oud methods