Oboe’s roots are based on ancient Greek, Egypt and the Middle East. Numerous woodwind instrument regarded as the ancestors of Oboe bears the name of Zurna in Asia, Zamr in Egypt, Kuan in China, Hişiriki in Japan. According to the findings of "aulos" known to come to Greece from Asia Minor, it was played on Mount Olympos at the feast of Gods for the first time and it was thought that the goddess "Athena" invented. The aulos are shown as pairs in the hands of the player. One of these is used to join the tune and the other to join and accompany the instrumental ensemble. Besides this, the first oboes used in folk dances in Europe were also used town festivals and at large meetings, and was taken to the first military musical team established in Louis XVI in France.. In this study, it was determined that the oboe was used in orchestras through the advances provided and the additions made to the mechanism by the great virtuoses in history in terms of its execution and mechanism; and was joined with the other varieties (Korangle and Obua'd amore) used in the orchestra from time to time. As a result, many concertos have been written for the oboe since the Baroque age and it has been observed that this tradition has been developed and continued by Mozart and Richard Strauss and many famous composers in our century.
Keywords: Aulos, Oboe, Korangle, Baroque Age, Mechanism